foreign plays adapted to the American Stage
- Most historical melodramas in the standard repertory of touring companies in the 1880s were of foreign origin. This included plays like the English Lady of Lyons by Edward Bulwer-Lytton, the German Ingomar the Barbarian by Bellinghausen, the French Count of Monte Cristo by Charles Fechter from Dumas père, and Lady of the Camelias (Camille) by Alexandre Dumas fils. Translations were often uncredited, and stars freely adapted plot and dialogue to suit their own needs. While Shakespeare was somewhat immune to excessive adaptation because players often performed the same roles with different companies, there were endless parodistic variations on his plays. The adapting, translating, and production of foreign plays on American stages became a center of some controversy in the late 19th century as the realistic social problem plays of Henrik Ibsen were first presented and often met with considerable controversy. This was similarly true of George Bernard Shaw's early plays in the Ibsen formula, but most foreign plays were met with respectful, often enthusiastic response.The Irish-born Dion Boucicault, a prolific playwright and manager, drew from many uncredited French and English sources for the numerous plays that flowed from his pen, and others emulated the practice. Even after the United States joined the International Copyright Agreement in 1891, it could be difficult to trace the origin of a foreign play whose title and character names had been changed and the action Americanized. Thus as late as the 1920s there were many light comedies on Broadway, ostensibly by American authors, that had originated in Hungary and other countries. However, the Theatre Guild set a standard of presenting good translations of important European plays like The Bonds of Interest from the Spanish of Jacinto Benavente in 1919, Liliom from the Hungarian of Ferenc Molnar in 1921, R.U.R. from the Czech of Karel Capek in 1922, and others.
The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. James Fisher.
Look at other dictionaries:
foreign stars and companies on the American stage — By 1880, the regular appearance of European stars and companies on Broadway and on tour was commonplace. Between 1880 and 1930 most frequent visitors were British actors, including such major figures (with the year of their first appearance)… … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
American literature — Introduction the body of written works produced in the English language in the United States. Like other national literatures, American literature was shaped by the history of the country that produced it. For almost a century and a… … Universalium
The Master and Margarita — … Wikipedia
The Golden Compass (film) — The Golden Compass Theatrical release poster Directed by Chris Weitz Produced by … Wikipedia
The Importance of Being Earnest — For other uses, see The Importance of Being Earnest (disambiguation). The Importance of Being Earnest The original production of The Importance of Being Earnest in 1895 with Allan Aynesworth as Algernon (left) and George Alexander as Jack (right) … Wikipedia
The Mikado — For other uses, see Mikado (disambiguation). Theatre poster for The Mikado The Mikado; or, The Town of Titipu is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic… … Wikipedia
The Adventures of Tintin — For the 2011 film, see The Adventures of Tintin (film). For other uses, see The Adventures of Tintin (disambiguation). The Adventures of Tintin The main characters and others from The Castafiore Emerald, one of the later books in the series. In… … Wikipedia
The Jazz Singer (1927 film) — Infobox Film name = The Jazz Singer amg id = 1:25963 imdb id = 0018037 producer = Jack Warner (executive in charge of production) director = Alan Crosland writer = Samson Raphaelson (play) Alfred A. Cohn (adaptation) starring = Al Jolson May… … Wikipedia
The Colour of Magic (TV film) — Infobox Television Film name = Terry Pratchett s The Colour of Magic caption = The Colour of Magic series logo. format = Fantasy, comedy picture format = 1080i (HDTV) runtime = 189 min. creator = Terry Pratchett developer = Vadim Jean producer =… … Wikipedia
The Feast of the Goat — infobox Book | name = The Feast of the Goat title orig = La fiesta del chivo translator = Edith Grossman image caption = The cover of a recent translation. author = Mario Vargas Llosa illustrator = cover artist = country = Peru language = Spanish … Wikipedia